Diagnosis and Management of Dry Eye Syndrome

The diagnosis and management of Dry Eye Syndrome is highly complicated because of its multifactorial etiology. This course will cover everything you need to know to restore homeostasis of the ocular surface and tear film by breaking the vicious cycle of the disease.



Dry eye syndrome is one of the most frequent causes of ocular consultation in the adult population. Due to its multiple etiologies and aggravating factors, it requires a detailed and thorough examination to reach an etiologic diagnosis. For adequate management of dry eye, it is important to have complete knowledge of its pathophysiology, a precise diagnostic flow chart, and a varied therapeutic treatment that progressively adapts to each particular case.


Intended for: ophthalmologists, ophthalmologists in training and, optometrists (from countries where optometry is recognized)

Format: Online and self-paced with lifetime access

Duration: Approximately 2-3 hours a week for 8 weeks (depending on previous knowledge)

Certificate: 30 hours of PAAO Continuing Medical Education on completion


At the end of the course the participants will be able to:

  • Explain the anatomical and pathophysiological basis of dry eye syndrome.
  • Perform an interrogation and slit-lamp examination to diagnose each patient’s concurrent etiological cause or causes.
  • Request and efficiently evaluate the necessary complementary exams in each case.
  • Based on the above, implement the most appropriate treatment for each patient.


  • Study guides, which facilitate the student’s learning process.
  • Audiovisual lectures, prepared by the teaching team on each topic. These will be available for online reading and in a save/print version.
  • Reading material, available in Spanish and/or English in pdf format.
  • Concept maps, synoptic charts, tables, memory aids for quick reference in diagnosing and managing lacrimal dysfunction in daily practice.
  • OSDI questionnaire for evaluation of lacrimal dysfunction symptoms.


Application activities are used throughout the course consisting of:

  • Multiple-choice questions
  • Open-ended, self-corrected questions with checklists
  • Question and answer forums

Each module will have a final exam that must be passed to move on to the next module. The number of attempts is unlimited, but must be passed to move on to the next module.

The activities will promote the exchange and use of students’ knowledge and experiences and facilitate applying new learning to professional practice.

The teachers in charge of the course will accompany, guide, and encourage the learning process in the individual instances and the collective learning interactions.



  • Secretory system: Anatomy
  • Physiology of the Lacrimal System
  • DEWS II: Current definition of dry eye

Current importance

  • Computer Syndrome
  • Ocular surface and cataract surgery

Tear Film Evaluation

  • Application of Questionnaires in Dry Eye Management
  • Ocular surface dyes and staining
  • Schirmer test
  • Objective evaluation of tear film
  • Tear film osmolarity
  • Meibomian Gland Clinical Evaluation
  • Meibomiography techniques and analysis
  • Ocular surface and visual quality
  • Infrared Meibomiography

Causes and aggravating factors

  • Ocular Surface Drug Toxicity
  • Dry eye after ocular surgery
  • Dry eye: oculoplastic perspective
  • What is beyond the eyes?
  • Immunology applied to Ocular Surface
  • Contact Lenses


  • Lacrimal replacement: options and indications
  • Lacrimal punctal occlusion
  • Treatment of Meibomian gland dysfunction
  • Blepharoconjunctivitis by Demodex Folliculorum: Diagnosis and Treatment
  • Treatment of dry eye with pulsed light
  • Surface Hemoderivatives
  • Amniotic Membrane: indications
  • Surgical treatment in Stem Cells deficiency: SLET

Meet Your Faculty

Over 18 distinguished experts contributed to this course Learn more about them.

PAAO Member

$100 USD

$120 USD non-member

life-time access
forum support
printable study materials

PAAO Member

$150 USD

$200 USD non-member

life-time access
forum support
printable study materials


$150 USD

USD non-member

life-time access
forum support
printable study materials

*Residents/fellows must submit a letter from their program.
**Technicians must submit a letter from an ophthalmologist.

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